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【转载】 化学缩写大全  

2014-09-17 16:41:29|  分类: 博览群书 |  标签: |举报 |字号 订阅

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本文转载自siliconworm《 化学缩写大全》
Table 1. Database abbreviations
Abbreviation Meaning
[a] specific rotation
acac acetylacetonato
Ac acetyl
ACGIH American Conference of Governmental Industrial
Hygienists
Ac2O acetic anhydride
AcOH acetic acid
ADI Acceptable Daily Intake
alk. alkaline
amorph. amorphous
ANSI American National Standards Institute
anhyd. anhydrous
approx. approximately
aq. aqueous
asym. asymmetrical, unsymmetrical
B base
BAN British Approved Name
biol. biological
bipy 2,2?-bipyridine
Bp boiling point
br broad
BSI British Standards Institution
Bu butyl (But for tert-butyl etc.)
bwd bird (wild)
Bz benzyl
c. concentration
ca. (circa) about
Abbreviation Meaning
CAS Chemical Abstracts Service
ccp cubic close packed
cdt 1,5,9-cyclododecatriene
C6H6 benzene
C5Me5 pentamethylcyclopentadienyl
CNS central nervous system
cod 1,5-cyclooctadiene
col. colour, coloration
comly. commercially
compd(s) compounds(s)
conc. concentrated
const. constant
constit. constituent
coord coordinate(d), coordination
cot 1,3,5,7-cyclooctatetraene
Cp cyclopentadienyl
C5Ph5 pentaphenylcyclopentadienyl
cryst. crystal(s)
cv cultivar
CVD chemical vapour deposition
Cy cyclohexyl
d density
dba dibenzylideneacetone
dck duck
dec. decomposes, decomposition
degradn. degradation
depe 1,2-bis(diethylphosphino)ethane
descr. described
diars diarsine (generalised ligand)
dil. dilute, dilution
dimorph. dimorphic
diphos diphosphine (generalised ligand)
diss. dissolves, dissolved
dissoc. dissociates
dist. distil, distillation
DMA dimethylacetamide
DMF dimethylformamide
dmpe 1,2-bis(dimethylphosphino)ethane
dmpm bis(dimethylphosphino)methane
DMSO dimethyl sulfoxide
dppe 1,2-bis(diphenylphosphino)ethane
dppm bis(diphenylphosphino)methane
dppp 1,3-bis(diphenylphosphino)propane
EDTA ethylenediaminetetracetate(4-)
ee enantiomeric excess
Eg band gap (electron volts)
en ethylenediamine
equilib. equilibrium
esp. especially
Et ethyl
EtOAc ethyl acetate
EtOH ethanol
EtOH aq. aqueous ethanol
evapn. evaporation
exp. exposure
Abbreviation Meaning
exp. experimental
fac facial
Fc ferrocenyl
fl. p. flash point
fluor. fluoresces, fluorescence
formn. formation
Fp freezing point
g gram(s)
DG0f
standard free energy of formation
Glc b-D-glucopyranosyl
gpg guinea pig
ham hamster
DH0f
standard enthalpy of formation
hcp hexagonal close packed
hydrol. hydrolyses, hydrolysed, hydrolysis
ihl inhalation
im imidazolato
ims intramuscular
INN International Non-proprietary Name
inorg. inorganic
insol. insoluble
intermed. intermediate
ipr intraperitoneal
ISO International Standards Organisation
ivg intravaginal
ivn intravenous
JAN Japanese Accepted Name
JMAF Japanese Ministry for Agriculture, Forestry and
Fisheries
K temperature (Kelvin)
L generalised ligand
LC lethal concentration
LD Lethal dose; LD50: a dose which is lethal to 50% of
the animals tested
M relative molecular mass (formula weight)
M metal
m medium
mcd magnetic circular dichroism
Me methyl
MEL maximum exposure limit
MeOH methanol
mer meridional
mes mesityl (1,3,5-trimethylphenyl)
Me2CO acetone
misc. miscible
misc. miscellaneous
mixt. mixture
mky monkey
MOCVD metal-organic chemical vapour deposition
mod. moderately
Mp melting point
mus mouse
n index of refraction eg. (nD
20 for 20° and sodium light).
nbd norbornadiene
nqr nuclear quadrupole resonance spectrum
Abbreviation Meaning
obt. obtained
oc open cup
oep octaethylporphyrinato
OES occupational exposure standard
Oh octahedral
op optical purity
org. organic
orl oral
ox oxalato
Ph phenyl (C6H5)
pH Measure of soln. acidity where pH = log10(1/[H+])
where [H+] is the hydrogen ion
phen 1,10-phenanthroline
phys. physical
pK Measure of dissoc. const. (K) where
pK = Log10(1/K)
pm picometres (10–12 m)
PMDET pentamethyldiethylenetriamine
polarog. polarography
polym. polymerised, polymerisation
ppm parts per million
Pr propyl (Pri for isopropyl)
prob. probably
purifn. purification
Py pyridine
pz pyrazolato
R generalised alkyl group
rbt rabbit
ref. reference
rel. relative(ly)
r.t. room temperature
s strong
S0 standard entropy
scu subcutaneous
skn skin
sl. slightly
sol. soluble
soln(s) solution(s)
solv(s) solvent(s)
soly. solubility
sp. species (singular)
spar. sparingly
spp. species (plural)
ssp. subspecies
subl. sublimation, sublimes
tbp triagonal bipyramidal
Td tetrahedral
Tf triflate
THF tetrahydrofuran
tht tetrahydrothiophene
TLV Threshold Limit Value
TMED tetramethylethylenediamine
tpp tetraphenylporphyrinato
triphos triphosphine (generalised ligand)
Ts tosyl
Abbreviation Meaning
meff effective magnetic moment (in Bohr magnetons mB)
unsatd. unsaturated
USAN United States Adopted Name
uv ultraviolet spectrum
v. very
var. variety
vis. visible
vol. volume
w weak
WSSA Weed Science Society of America
X generalised anion, usually halide
Table 2. Reference tags
The following is a selection of the most common reference tags that are
used
Abbreviation Meaning
abs config absolute configuration
anal analysis
bibl bibliography
biodistribn biodistribution
biosynth biosynthesis
cd circular dichroism
chromatog chromatography
cmr 13C nuclear magnetic resonance spectrum
config configuration
conformn conformation
cryst struct X-ray crystal structure determination
deriv(s) derivative(s)
detn determination, detection
dsc differential scanning calorimetry
dta differential thermal analysis
ed electron diffraction
electrochem electrochemistry, cyclic voltammetry
em electron microscopy
epr electron paramagnetic (spin) resonance
spectrum
esca electron spectroscopy for chemical analysis
exafs extended X-ray diffraction fine structure
fab-ms fast atom bombardment mass spectroscopy
glc gas-liquid chromatography
haz hazard
hplc high performance liquid chromatogrpahy
ir infrared spectrum
isol isolation
isom isomerism
manuf manufacture
metab metabolism
mineral mineralogy
ms mass spectrum
nmr nuclear magnetic resonance spectrum
occur occurrence
Abbreviation Meaning
ord optical rotatory dispersion
pe photoelectron spectroscopy
pharmacol pharmacology
photol photoysis
pmr proton (1H) nuclear magnetic resonance
spectrum
polarog polarography
powder struct X-ray powder structure determination
props properties (chemical or physical)
Raman Raman spectrum
resoln resolution
rev review
sepn separation
soly solubility
spectra
struct structure
synonyms
synth synthesis
tautom tautomerism
tga thermogravimetric analysis
theory MO calculations etc.
tlc thin layer chromatography
tox toxicity
trans transition(s)
use(s)
uv ultraviolet spectrum
uv-vis ultraviolet visible spectrum
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